There is a gap between high school students and their transition to university studies where individuals and large number of high school graduates don't know what to choose and what to study in terms of making their minds for the right future study major and career choice in Egypt.
Students are obliged to study for free at state universities, however, it is required of them to score high marks at final high school study year so they can apply for Medical, Engineering and scientific schools which is so difficult to get while they only be evaluated based on their performance and result at last year exams.
Moreover, we just need to dive in more details about the education system in Egypt, but as a country that made up of 27 provinces and is bordered by Libya, Sudan and Palestine. The official name of the country is the Arab Republic of Egypt.
Today, Egypt's population is over 100 million people, half of which live in urban areas. According to estimates, approximately one-quarter of Egypt's population live in poverty, mainly due to unemployment. Approximately 35 per cent of the population is made up of young people under the age of 15, putting a lot of pressure on education and the labor market. Around a quarter of the population is illiterate.
In Egypt, two ministries are responsible for education: The Ministry of Education is responsible for pre-school, primary and secondary education, and higher education is governed by the Ministry of Higher Education. There are also a number of specialist institutes that fall under the supervision of other ministries. The Ministry of Al-Azhar Affairs supervises denominational education (from primary to university education) at the Al-Azhar schools and the university (Al-Azhar University).
Diplomas awarded in this system are considered to be equivalent to diplomas obtained at public institutions.