Placing high hopes on the abovementioned Federal Law, higher education institutions, however, single out interaction with migration services as the most problematic, time-consuming and complex. A large number of public administration bodies are involved in the process of educational migration, and their activities are not always coordinated, and sometimes even contradict each other. These are the Migration Service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, the Federal Service for Supervision of Education and Science of Russia, the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, Rospotrebnadzor, Rosaviation. The subjects of migration policy can also include organizations of higher education, recruiting agencies, public organizations (Associations of graduates, foreign students, etc.).
In order to solve the political and economic problems of educational migration at a higher quality level, it is advisable to create a Coordinating Body or council to address both strategic and operational issues, and international education specialists do have such a need. The issue of organizing effective interaction of all subjects of educational migration is acute. In our opinion, it is advisable to consider singling out in a separate Legislative act the issues of legal migration regulation: entry, stay of foreign students, migration registration, administrative responsibility for violations.
Despite the pandemic, the number of international students in 2021 actually increased. This was largely facilitated by the remote start of the academic year without passing the necessary migration procedures, professional development of more than 3,000 university employees within the framework of the federal project "Export of Education" (2019–2021) at the sites of RANEPA and RUDN, and, of course, the liberal regulatory and legal regulation of admission campaigns of the 2020–2021 and 2021–2022 academic years, regulated by the relevant orders of the Ministry of Education and Science RF. In particular, the orders on the specifics of admission allowed educational organizations to enroll a foreign student, followed by the provision of an original document on education and a certificate of recognition of a foreign education5
The admission campaign for the 2022–2023 academic year also took place in critical conditions of the information blockade, distance learning due to logistics problems, financial transfers, uncertainty of prospects for foreign applicants due to the rejection of the Bologna process, however, these problems were not reflected in the Admission Procedure6
Paradoxical as it sounds, but the least flexible and conservative for solving modern challenges is the educational legislation in the international sphere. In order to implement the legal basis for the formation of a multilevel system of attracting foreign students within the framework of the export of education, "soft power", it is necessary to include concepts related to educational migration in the Federal Law "On Education in the Russian Federation", for example,"export of education", "joint educational programs", "double degree programs", "transnational education", "network university", as well as expanding the existing concepts, for example, "academic mobility". For example, the implementation of various forms of cross-border education defined in the Concept of Humanitarian Education (see paragraph 7 above) is practically impossible with the current modern regulatory and legal regulation. The lack of representation of the necessary conceptual apparatus regulating the attraction and consolidation of foreign students in Russia in the main federal law "On Education in the Russian Federation" restricts further legal development in the form of subordinate regulations, which are in dire need of Russian educational organizations in connection with the implementation of a new stage of educational migration.
The Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation No. 1076 of August 21, 2020 On Approval of the Procedure for Admission to higher Education educational programs – Bachelor's degree programs, Specialist's programs, Master's degree programs"// URL: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001...