University campuses have been widely known since the XVIII century.
World top university campuses are subjected to a thorough comprehensive analysis on many aspects, from location and architectural composition, to sociological research on the peculiarities of the impact of campus life on students development, the formation of their circle of interests and even success in work. Based on the results of these analyses, we can find out what requirements a campus that promotes the activity of students, teachers and researchers should meet. The creation of attractive campuses stimulates successful learning, integration into the cultural environment and economic development, forming new growth points around the campus.
In Russia, great attention is paid to the construction of progressive campuses. In 2021, the rating of Russian regions in science and technology was headed by Moscow, St. Petersburg and Tatarstan. Several projects related to the creation of new campuses are being implemented in the Republic of Tatarstan. The creation of an interuniversity campus in Kazan, the heart of the Republic of Tatarstan, is currently under discussion. There are also plans to build a scientific and educational campus in Nizhnekamsk with the aid of the SIBUR holding. The campus in the oil capital of the region, Almetyevsk, is almost ready. Tatneft company, whose headquarters are located in Almetyevsk, helps to build the campus. The basis for the creation of the campus is the Almetyevsk State Petroleum Institute (ASOI), which has been training personnel for the oil industry of the region and the Russian Federation for decades. The key importance of Almetyevsk for the development of the Republic determines the task of retaining talented youth and providing infrastructure with the best conditions for work, study, and development.
The solution of these tasks not only in Tatarstan, but also on the scale of the entire Russian Federation will be possible thanks to the formation of developed infrastructure of modern campuses. A new modern campus in Almetyevsk, according to the plan, should include everything necessary for comfortable living, training and scientific activity: an academic building, a laboratory and research building, dormitories, a cultural center, a sports center, underground parking, a park area and a residential quarter.
The ambitious project of the campus was presented by the architectural bureau of Dashinima Namdakov and Ildar Giniyatov, PARSEC. Now the architects from this studio manage its implementation. According to the architects› idea, the educational and laboratory buildings combine scientific, educational and administrative activities of the Institute and become the central objects of the ecosystem of the future Higher School of Oil. The flexible planning structure of buildings unites classrooms, scientific laboratories and workrooms into clusters, which facilitates interaction between specialists from different fields.
One of the tasks in creating the interiors and exteriors of the campus was, as the authors of the project note, "to weave the science and spirit of the higher school of oil into the design code of the space itself, comprehending the project not only function-wise, but also in terms of aesthetics and idea — so that the various details of the space could be perceived exclusively decorative, but each contained a deeper meaning." The combination of aesthetic and educational functions will be traced in all the details of the interior — from flooring to landscaping, furniture and art objects.
The first new dormitories became the home for 720 students of ASOI. In addition to living rooms, dormitories include multifunctional spaces for events, coworking spaces for self-study, ironing and laundry rooms, as well as a small cafe with 50 seats. For the second year, the freshmen of ASOI are housed in cozy rooms equipped with everything necessary for a comfortable life, and they all highly appreciate the level of our dormitories.
The standard unit consists of two rooms, a small kitchen and a bathroom. This organization of space meets all the needs of students. The emphasis in the projects of the new dormitories was on its functionality, convenience and modern functional design. The implementation of this project has exceeded all expectations: these are comfortable well-lit rooms made in a trendy gray color pattern — it is not surprising that our students always talk with delight about their living conditions.
The second facility, the laboratory and research building, has recently been commissioned. Its main feature is the placement of equipment according to the principle of "joined by function but not by discipline", which avoids duplication of equipment in various laboratories and ensures rapid transfer of knowledge. Laboratory complexes are located close to the study areas, vertically, in a separate unit, to reduce the length of communication chain. Educational and scientific laboratories are located on different floors to solve the problem of separating user flows. This necessity was dictated by the proximity of the educational and scientific laboratories of ASOI with the laboratories of the Tatar Oil Research and Design Institute (TatNIPIneft) of the Tatneft company. TatNIPIneft is a key research division of Tatneft. Before the construction of the campus it was located in the neighboring town of Bugulma. In the future, the laboratory and research building will be connected to the academic building by a skyway, which will help getting from one building to another, while maintaining the autonomy of the buildings.