In February 2021, the Association of European Universities presented a report on the vision of higher education by 2030, "Universities without Walls", which tells that "Universities are defined as open, transformative and transnational. The nature and structure of universities will be hybrid: both physical and virtual universities will promote the development of both environments maintaining close interaction with society. Physical and virtual environments will merge together; this will make the activity easy to adjust to circumstances and, ultimately, create "universities without walls".
Today, we see national virtual universities funded by governments appearing in different countries. According to UNESCO, there are more than 115 virtual universities in the world1.
UNESCO experts believe that the creation of national virtual universities allows governments to:
- accumulate high-quality technical and human resources;
- focus the efforts of a virtual university on the basic needs of the national labor market or education system;
- use and develop the existing infrastructure of Internet technologies;
- support the development of e-learning in traditional educational institutions;
- provide advantages of national e-learning programs over foreign ones;
- export e-learning programs to other countries in native languages, since it can recompense the costs of their creation partially.